- National Insurance Contributions (NICs) are paid by employees and employers in the UK.
- Employees pay NICs at a rate of 12% of their earnings above £162 per week.
- For those who are unemployed, there is a special class of National Insurance which is known as Class 2.
- This class is paid by self-employed people, and the rate is currently £2.80 per week.
Why unemployed don’t pay National Insurance Contributions
The National Insurance system is a contributory system, which means that people only pay contributions if they are in work and earning above a certain level. People who are unemployed do not earn anything, so they do not have to pay National Insurance Contributions.
How The New National Insurance Changes Affect You
The new National Insurance changes come into effect on 6th April 2017. The main change is that the upper earnings limit for Class 4 National Insurance contributions has increased from £8,000 to £8,500. This means that you will only start paying National Insurance contributions on earnings over £8,500. The other main change is that the rate of Class 2 National Insurance contributions has increased from £2.80 per week to £3.00 per week.
You can pay NI contributions if you are not working, but you must be self-employed.
The number of years of NI contributions required for a full State Pension depends on your age. To receive a full State Pension, you must have at least 30 years of qualifying National Insurance contributions.
If you have gaps in your National Insurance, you may be able to claim back payments. The government provides a National Insurance reclaim service to help people claim back payments they are owed. You can find more information on their website.
You can find out how much National Insurance (NI) you have paid by looking at your payslip or by contacting HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC). You can use the National Insurance calculator on the GOV.UK website to work out how much state pension you may be entitled to.
If you are made redundant, your National Insurance contributions will stop. However, you may be able to claim unemployment benefits which will help you to continue to receive some money until you find a new job.
Yes, you can pay your own National Insurance contributions. This is known as ‘class 3 voluntary contributions’. To do this, you need to complete a form called ‘CA5403 – Voluntary Class 3 National Insurance Contributions (NICs)’. You can find this form on the gov.uk website.
You need to earn at least £118 a week to get National Insurance (NI) credits. This is called the Lower Earnings Limit (LEL). Credits help protect your State Pension, so it’s important to make sure you’re credited if you don’t work or have a low income.
You can calculate your National Insurance contributions on the government website. You will need to know how much you earn, and which category you fall into.
National Insurance contributions are paid by employees and employers. The amount you pay depends on how much you earn.
National income (NI) is calculated on an annual basis. The calculation takes into account all of the income and output generated in a given year.